L’Hopital’s Rule | |

More Practice |

**L’Hôpital’s Rule** (also seen as **L’Hospital’s Rule**) is one of those quirky things to remember in Calculus when you are taking limits (like we did in the **Limits and Continuity** section). The Calculus books don’t seem to introduce this rule until the Integration Techniques sections, so here it is!

When taking limits, you may end up with what we call **indeterminate forms**, which are $ \displaystyle \frac{0}{0}$ or $ \displaystyle \frac{\infty }{\infty }$. The reason these fractions are called indeterminate is because we don’t know if a limit exists, or if one exists, we don’t know what it is. Earlier we learned to try some algebra on these (factoring and crossing out, or multiplying by conjugates, for example) to try to find the limit.

Basically, what L’Hôpital’s Rule says is, in certain cases, to get the limit of a quotient, you can just take the **limit of a quotient of the derivatives** **of the numerator (top) and denominator (bottom)**. Here is a more formal definition:

What this says is that if you have two functions whose limits fit the conditions above, you can take the derivative of the top function and bottom function **over and over again** until you get limits that “work”.

Remember, with L’Hôpital’s, when you work with quotients, **you don’t need the quotient rule**; you just take the derivative of the top (numerator) and bottom (denominator), and then take the limit. If you can’t get the limit after taking the derivatives of the top and bottom, take the derivative again and then try (you can do this indefinitely!) To check these, you can always put them in the **calculator**, putting in a very small number (if limit goes to **0**) or very large number (if limit goes to $ \infty $) to see if you get a close answer.

Here are some examples, using both algebraic techniques and L’Hôpital’s.

**Learn these rules, and practice, practice, practice!**

Use the** Mathway** keyboard to enter a** Limit** problem, and then click on Submit (the arrow to the right of the problem) to solve the problem using **L’Hopital’s Rule**. You can also click on the 3 dots in the upper right hand corner, then click on **Examples**, and then **Evaluating Limits**.

If you click on “Tap to view steps”, you will go to the **Mathway** site, where you can register for the **full version** (steps included) of the software. You can even get math worksheets.

You can also go to the **Mathway** site here, where you can register, or just use the software for free without the detailed solutions. There is even a Mathway App for your mobile device. Enjoy!

On to **Riemann Sums and Area by Limit Definition** – you are ready!